The concept of consensually strong states discussed in suggests one possible answer. Strengths and weaknesses of nations14. This intimate connection between political and economic institutions is the heart of their major contribution, and has resulted in a study of great vitality on one of the crucial questions in economics and political economy. تی، و جیمز رابیسنون، استاد توسعه دانشگاه شیکاگو، در این کتاب به یکی از پرجدلترین بحثهای محافل اقتصادی و سیاسی دنیا میپردازند؛ یعنی «چرا ملتها نمیتوانند آنجور که باید به ثروت، قدرت و رفاه برسند و در این راه شکست میخورند؟» تز اصلی این دو نویسنده در این کتاب بر مبنای «تفاوتهای نهادی» است. We cannot retrieve the jobs of our grandparents, but we can embrace uniquely American traditions, while building new foundations for growth and change.
The theory states that poor countries have a lot of market failures and their economists and policy makers do not know how to get rid of them and have heeded the wrong advice in the past. Sadly, the people of the north have endured decades of famine, political repression, and very different economic institutions—with no end in sight. « Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Inclusive institutions flourish because they change. I think the main problem with this approach is that these are economists and not economic historians trying to write about history, and their history is awfully simplistic.
The poor stay poor due to their exclusive institutions, and the rich countries who turned to inclusive institutions somewhere in the past stay rich or will become richer. It is equally at home in Asia, Africa and the Americas. Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson conclusively show that it is man-made political and economic institutions that underlie economic success or lack of it. There is obviously merit in the authors' argument and the whole thing is very convincing. Acemoglu and Robinson tackle one of the most important problems in the social sciences - a question that has bedeviled leading thinkers for centuries - and offer an answer that is brilliant in its simplicity and power.
Schumpeter was convinced that the entrepreneur is the driving force for development in a capitalistic society. Therefore, a businessman in an extractive economic institution, can expect his output to be stolen, expropriated or entirely taxed away will have little incentive to work, let alone any incentive to undertake investments and innovations. Morephilanthropy from the wealthy nations of the West? If a civilization manages to thrive for hundreds and hundreds of years, it is definitely not failed. And this is a necessary first salvo in addressing these questions seriously. This well-timed book, by one of the world's leading experts, provides the first comprehensive account of China's aid and economic cooperation overseas. Thiết nghĩ, việc một quốc gia, một châu lục, ở tầm vĩ mô, không trở nên thịnh vượng có rất nhièu lý do và yếu tố để giải thích, và tùy đặc thù kinh tế văn hóa từng quốc gia mà sự thất bại cũng khác nhau lưu ý tác giả là người chống đối thuyết văn hóa, vô minh và địa lý trong việc giải thích sự thất bại của các quốc gia.
Foreign aid will never work in a country that has extractive institutions -- what has to happen is a change to inclusive, and there is nothing natural or easy about this change. It seems they would lay the occurrence of all those events at the feet of inclusivity. Poor attempt The central thesis of this book is that nation fail economically because of their political institutions. Please submit meta posts to. Did I mention it's repetitive? And yet, until the 1700's, China was the wealthiest nation on the earth. Korea, to take just one of their fascinating examples, is a remarkably homogeneous nation, yet the people of North Korea are among the poorest on earth while their brothers and sisters in South Korea are among the richest.
Perhaps ignorance of what the right policies are? Despite its defeats in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, China has a long history of wealth creation, stability and high standards of living. Đả phá Thuyết địa lý của Jared Diamond. I found this book very interesting. Detail - Summary of Why Nations Fail by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Democracy Evolves Because of the Threat of Revolutions According to Acemoglu and Robinson, the history of democracy is the history of revolutions prevented. Democracy is not a nice addendum to wealth: it is a pre-condition. I listened to it 3 times in a row An Interesting Book, Even if I Beg to Differ A very long and interesting book, it breaks down the histories and developments of many nations, from Argentina to Brazil, from South Korea to Egypt.
But there's a huge problem with this economic-growth-at-all-costs mentality. Detail - Why did British boats shoot their way up the Yangzi in 1842, rather than Chinese ones up the Thames? This highly accessible book provides welcome insight to specialists and general readers alike. Brilliant and engagingly written, Why Nations Fail answers the question that has stumped the experts for centuries: Why are some nations rich and others poor, divided by wealth and poverty, health and sickness, food and famine? Reality sometimes has to be stuffed into conceptual boxes. Wherein lies the will to will? I do not think that it tells the full story, and maybe no book ever will as it is simply too big for any one mind to comprehend. It is the political process that determines what economic institutions people live under, and it is the political institutions that determine how this process works.
Somehow they can generate both excitement and reflection. In more inclusive systems, meanwhile, there is a virtuous circle effect, in which opportunity breeds motivation and meaningful choice, while making it hard for anyone to consolidate too much power over others. The Vicious Circle How institutions that create poverty generate negative feedback loops and endure 13. Though examples from antiquity are adduced -- Rome, Mayan civilization, for instance, both extractive -- the authors are mostly concerned with what happened starting with the Industrial Revolution on. The single-mindedness is also a weakness. It is an excellent book and should be purchased forthwith, so to encourage the authors to keep working.