Captain Weddell also set an 80-year record for the farthest southern latitude reached 74°15'S, set February 20, 1823. The colonization efforts of the French and the English reflected their attempts at bringing European ideas and values to the New World. After returning to England and being promoted to lieutenant, Oxley sailed to Australia 1808. This exchange of goods between the Old and New Worlds is known as the Columbian Exchange or the Grand Exchange. . The colony on Chesapeake Bay was first and foremost a business enterprise.
They felt that money was finite and that if one country got rich that another nation would in effect become poor. One the most important aspects of colonization wasnatural resources. Many Europeans, like the Spanish, colonized to make claim of land for trading of goods. Christopher Columbus, who set forth in 1492 to try to find a water route to Asia by crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Cunningham's explorations included Brazil from 1814 to 1816 , eastern Australia 1816 - 1839 , and New Zealand 1826. For all the statutes that hitherto can be devised, and the sharp execution of the same in punishing idle and lazy persons, for want of sufficient occasion of honest employments, cannot deliver our commonwealth from multitudes of loiterers and idle vagabonds. Sponsored by the West India Company, 30 families arrived in North America in 1624, establishing a settlement on present-day Manhattan.
He was hated by the Spanish, who did not want foreigners entering their highly profitable slave-trading business. To learn more about Plymouth's general history see. It was difficult for the first English settlers to colonize inNorth America because of the time of year that they arrived in theColonies. The colonists came to America in the 16th and 17th centuries for several reasons, particularly practical motivations that related to their homeland, such as overpopulation, religious persecution and poverty. While Jamestown struggled in its early years, regular supplies from England sustained the colony. Spanish Exploration of Georgia Hernando de Soto and and an army of about 600 men first explored what is now modern day Georgia in 1540.
Holland was established in 1588 as a Protestant nation, but would not be recognized by Spain until 1648. They traveled 670 miles, and 150 miles less on the return trip. The population of England had swelled from under three million in 1500 to more than five million by the mid-1600s. The investigation of the World by British explorers contributed significantly to the development of modern society as we know it today. French Exploration Conclusion Spanish set out for the Americans in search of God, Gold and Glory. This area was inhabited by the Chibchan speaking nations, including the indigenous Muisca and Tairona people.
The slow expansion of New Netherland, however, caused conflicts with both English colonists and Native Americans in the region. Amerigo Vespucci, who discovered that the New World … was not Asia as Columbus thought. Saving Souls This brings us to our next reason for exploration - the religious desire to save souls. Because the Spanish colonies were doing so well, other European countries also wanted to explore the new lands for riches and gold. Fort Orange, the northernmost of the Dutch outposts, is known today as Albany; New York City's original name was New Amsterdam, and the New Netherland's third major settlement, Wiltwyck, is known today as Kingston. These pioneers gave France somewhat inflated imperial claims to lands that nonetheless remained firmly under the dominion of indigenous peoples. While employed by the Dutch East India Company in 1609, the English sea captain Henry Hudson explored New York Harbor and the river that now bears his name.
The goal in developing the colonies was to export goods such as sugar, spices, seafood and furs. He and George Bass were the first Europeans to realize that Tasmania was an island; they sailed around it. Spanish successes in the Caribbean attracted the attention of other European nations. Nicolas Le Challeux, a Frenchman, came to the New World craving land for his homeland. All of the other details that went along with settling a colony in the New World including money were privately accomplished.
These wars were very expensive, so they needed to find lots of gold, silver, and precious stones to pay for them. Meanwhile, and France were competing intensely for land and trade on the American continent. The investors wanted what all investors dream of: a quick return of profit. Due to a navigational error, the Pilgrims landed in present-day Massachusetts. Faced with severe persecution, French Huguenots moved to the New World and established villages in South Carolina and Florida. The missionaries destroyed objects deemed sacred by the Indians and suppressed their ancient spiritual rituals and ceremonial dances.
Trading companies, such as the Plymouth and London companies, were granted charters to develop and expand British settlements. The Portuguese made an entire route along the African coast, and around tho India where they traded their goods Trading with India Native Americans and European Diseases Europeans also brought diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza with them. Some cases of cannibalism were recorded. He reached the Niger River at Ségou which is now in Mali. Except for a few sporadic Indian raids, the mission system continued to grow and prosper throughout Florida, Texas and California. Dampier is recognised as the first natural historian of Australia and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times.