Restricting the use of the new technology may create more problems than it solves. Human Genome Project technologies also can help to assess health damage and risks caused by radiation exposure, including low-dose exposures. It could help with the diagnosis and prevention of human disease. List of the Cons of the Human Genome Project 1. The Pros of Having the Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is actually very handy in many different fields of studies. Neanderthal genomics and the evolution of modern human.
Now there are thousands of exome and whole-genome sequences soon to be tens of thousands, and eventually millions , which have been determined with the aim of identifying disease-causing variants and, more broadly, establishing well-founded correlations between sequence variation and specific phenotypes. The following examples will help society make an educated decision as to whether or not the continuation of the Human Genome Project is morally correct. Third, our understanding of evolution has been transformed. Besides numerous countries involved in the project there is also a number of commercial companies that are involved in sequencing 6. With this, they will be able to get rid of diseases like diabetes or Parkinson's, etc. For example, the blood thinner clopidogrel is widely prescribed to prevent platelets from binding inappropriately and causing strokes or heart attacks. The Human Genome Project has created a database which shows the coding of many genes in the human body.
Ironically, it seems as though technology is creating new methods of saving lives, but society is going to be restricted in its use of the new technology because many of the advances will be forbidden by law. Following the autopsy, the parents are reassured that their risks are not increased for having a similarly affected child in a future pregnancy. Comparing our genome with others may help to lead to associations of diseases with certain traits. Roderick in 1987 denotes mapping, sequencing and functional analysis of genomes. However, the plan to map and sequence the human Genome has also raised a number of ethical concerns. Complete knowledge on the genome sequence will enable the scientists in future to gain knowledge on the types of proteins encoded by these genes.
One of the well known benefits of the technology and resources that were promoted by the Human Genome Project is the positive impact on the field of biomedical research especially in clinical medicine. Understanding our genetic profile means doctors could diagnose conditions were more certainty, even if they are rare. We can now clearly see the outlines of the impact that genomics will have on medical care, as well as some of the challenges that remain. Medical researchers also will be able to devise novel therapeutic regimens based on new classes of drugs, immunotherapy techniques, avoidance of environmental conditions that may trigger disease, and possible augmentation or even replacement of defective genes through gene therapy. Several educational programs sponsored by the Human Genome Project have developed effective, field-tested workshops for just this purpose. A New Biology for the 21st Century. This field may be able to find new energy sources, through the sequencing of a bacterial genome.
As we can see, projects and experimentations just like this must always be given its deserved attention and support. More than 20 different universities and research centers in the U. The fragments are then excited by the use of a laser and each dye will give off a certain color. Plans were included to simultaneously determine the nucleotide sequence of the genomes of other organisms; this provides comparisons and points of reference for the human sequence U. Experiments that were inconceivable 20 years ago are now routine, thanks to the proliferation of academic and commercial wet lab and bioinformatics resources geared towards facilitating research.
While the list of examples where genomic analyses are providing answers or new therapeutic approaches to vexing clinical problems is growing, much basic research remains to be done to ensure a productive implementation of genomics for clinical care. In the ideal scenario, patients or consumers will use the information to improve their own healthcare by taking advantage of prevention or therapeutic strategies that are known to be appropriate for real or potential medical conditions suggested by their individual genome sequence. There is also much more information related to genetic diseases to be looked at. Not everything about the Human Genome Project is positive, because there are some cons that you should be knowledgeable on: Cons: Ethical Questions This topic of the Human Genome project is so polarizing, because many of those opposed see it as genetic modification that is ruining the natural sequence. It helped to boost the economy. Develop technology for comprehensive analysis of gene expression.
ChromaSig: a probabilistic approach to finding common chromatin signatures in the human genome. Historical Background of the United States Effort The first serious discussions about sequencing the entire human genome occurred at a workshop at the University of California at Santa Cruz in 1985 U. Implications of the Human Genome Project for medical science. This would lead to more early detection incidents. We have tracked and reported upon California's Green Chemistry efforts, for which Tox21 provides an excellent resource. And today, we are starting to see that vision become a reality. This is where there should be some form of regulation put in place.
The meeting concluded that the project was technically possible, although very challenging. Support research on methods for studying functions of nonprotein-coding sequences. Two different teams of researchers worked on what we now know as the Human Genome Project What they achieved was a list of how the combination of 4 letters used in genetics details how people humans are assembled. The Human Genome Project was an international research effort to determine the sequence of the human genome and identify the genes that it contains. Make the sequence totally and freely accessible. This discrimination could be from diseases that run in a family to mental disorders that a person cannot help.