Collateral studies related to Livingston's career are Samuel Flagg Bemis, A Diplomatic History of the United States 1936; 5th ed. His paternal grandparents were 1654—1728 and Livingston 1656—1727 , daughter of 1628—1683 and widow of. Flexner, Steamboats Come True: American Inventors in Action 1944 ; David M. Minister to France, his sister 1757—1833 , who married Gov. He also swore in George Washington as the first President of the United States, and was the final member of the Committee of Five drafting the Declaration of Independence.
His friend Jay was appointed chief justice of the U. New Constitution and After Under the Articles of Confederation, Livingston served as the secretary of foreign affairs from 1781 to 1783. Coupled with personal trading and a partnership with New Englander , these offices should have provided him with substantial income. From that upper State Street headquarters, Robert Livingston directed his considerable energies to amassing one of the largest fortunes in seventeenth century New York while helping structure development in Albany and in the region. His own experiments led him to conclude that several revolving paddles at the stern would be most effective. Robert Palmer's mother, Anna, had made arrangements for her son to have guitar and singing lessons when he was twelve years old as a birthday present to him.
Launched in October 1814, the heavily gunned and armoured steamship underwent successful sea trials but was never used in battle; when peace came in December, it was transferred to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where it was destroyed by an accidental explosion in 1829. He was a member of the that drafted the , along with , , , and. Within weeks a newly elected New York convention ratified the declaration, and the ratification was retroactively ruled unanimous. While in Paris he had met Robert Fulton, and the two men had entered into a partnership to develop a commercially successful steamboat. However, he sent his cousin, , to sign the document in his place.
Livingston and the Steamboat Livingston remained 2 more years in Paris, then returned home to devote his last years to an old enterprise— agricultural progress especially the breeding of Merino sheep —and to a new one—development of the steamboat. Livingston's holdings included two houses in Albany, pasture land outside the north gate, shares of the , and a tract of land on the Roelof Jansen Kil that became the basis for the Livingston Manor Patent - first granted in 1686. He retained this title until 1801. He did much to introduce the use of gypsum as a fertilizer, and published an Essay on Sheep 1809. In August 1675, he became secretary of ; in September, clerk or secretary of the town of Albany; collector of the excise tax ; and then, of the Albany.
He was not present at its signing, was not at its presentation to the early congress, and did not sign the document. In 1777 Livingston was appointed chancellor of New York, the state's highest legal officer, second in precedence only to the governor. Possibly for this reason, and because he disagreed with Hamilton's policy of federal assumption of state debts, Livingston turned anti-Federalist and entered into a political alliance with members of the Jeffersonian opposition—then called Republicans—in about 1791. It was a system where one was chosen for political position as a powerful land owner. Two raids against the French using his novel craft, however, were unsuccessful.
He was soon appointed to the committee charged with drafting a declaration of independence, with , , , and. A staunch Federalist, he was one of the most frequent pro-Constitution speakers at the ratifying convention. Livingston administered the Oath of Office to when he assumed the presidency in 1789. Later Years His time in France had another bonus for Livingston: He met Robert Fulton, who was trying to develop a steamboat. Ultimately he settled in Valima, Samoa where he eventually died.
He represented the Provincial Congress of New York at the Continental Congress in 1776 and helped to draft the , although he returned to New York before he was able to sign the document. This appointment put him in the position of administering in 1789, the oath of office to the First President of the United States, George Washington. He was part of the Aristocratic landed gentry of New York. Since his father had the same name as he himself, he never spelled out the middle name, but used always only the initial. His great-grandparents were 1654—1728 and Livingston, daughter of 1628—1683. One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, he helped draft the Declaration of Independence and administered the presidential oath of office to George Washington in 1789.
Among his siblings was his younger brother, 1764-1836 , who also served as U. However, proved more interested in furthering his own ends - particularly following his marriage to the daughter of Pieter Schuyler in 1697. However, this experienced financial difficulty and frequently needed the intercession of Governor Edmund Andros to collect his fees. However, because of impending war with Great Britain, a French failure in Santo Domingo, and financial concerns, NapolÃ©on suddenly offered to sell the entire Louisiana Territory to the United States. His great-grandfather, Robert Livingston, had married the widow of one of New York's great landowners. Undaunted, he traveled in 1797 to , where he proposed the idea of a , the Nautilus, to be used in with Britain: it would creep under the hulls of British warships and leave a powder charge to be exploded later. God found I wasn't there--.
Through Chancellor Livingston, he was the 2x great-grandfather of Mary Livingston Ludlow 1843—1919 , herself the mother of his 3x great-granddaughter, 1863—1892 , herself the mother of 1884—1962. It was he who negotiated the Louisiana Purchase from the French. He believed that autonomy from Britain was necessary and inevitable, but inexpedient at that time; in debate he advocated postponement of the issue. For the next 2 years Livingston indulged his passion for scientific agriculture and efficiently presided over the Court of Chancery. But since he's filming movies he's currently living in an apartment in Beverly Hills,California he is staying at 9601 Wilshire Blv.
Finally, on April 19, 1783, the made it official, and Livingston had the honor of conveying the news to General Washington. In 1811 he was on the first canal commission, which eventually resulted in the Erie Canal. After graduating from King's College now Columbia University , Livingston studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1770. He retained the typical broad double-ended hulls that needed no turning for the return passage. Livingston was very active in his home state as well as nationally. In 1801, having refused an appointment as secretary of the navy, he became minister to France on President 's appointment. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History.