Max Weber proposed bureaucracy as the optimum form of organization. Rationality leads to efficiency of operations. This happens in business organisations too. An Army division is broken down into brigades. Its disadvantages are that at times it is misused and speed of decision and responsibility are held back. Thus, there is a specific sphere of competence consisting of a obligations to perform specific functions, b provision of the necessary authority to carry out these functions, and c clear definition of the means of compulsion which are to be used subject to definite conditions. Formal Rules and Regulations Rules and regulations are documented to ensure reliable and predictable behavior.
Every person knows the outcome of his behaviour in specific situations. Those who believe in his extraordinary abilities obey his commands. The industrial revolution was a massive turning point in history and the economic market was transformed for the better. Sometime when they succeed in finishing their job within that period, they can gain extra earnings. Bureaucratic organisation structure is, thus, not suitable in the contemporary volatile and dynamic environment.
Features of Bureaucratic Organisation 2. These rules apply to everyone from to bottom of the organization and must be strictly followed. Rationalization is the process of replacing rationally consistent rules for conventional or rather illogical rules within society. Protection from arbitrary dismissal is guaranteed. Everyone has to go through all the official patterns and suffer a lot of complicated procedures to get approval of the authorities.
Scientific management was concerned with individual tasks and how workers could do those tasks most efficiently. Such organisations are institutionalised through bureaucracies. Weber visualized the bureaucratic model as an orderly structuring of power to achieve rational human behavior under a hierarchy of professionals. In bureaucratic organisation, offices also follow the principle of hierarchy that is each lower office is subject to control and supervision by higher office. Formal Selection Process Employee selection and promotion are based on experience, competence, and technical qualification demonstrated by examinations, education, or training. The world average capita increased over tenfold Maddison, Angus.
Rules are designed to ensure uniformity of action and equality of treatment. No importance is given to informal groups and neither any scope is given to form one. Each lower unit is controlled by the higher unit and, thus, control is facilitated throughout the organisation. Although older than Weber, he witnessed many of the same organizational developments in Europe that interested Weber. Appointment of officials on full time and long term service basis: Appointment of officials in a bureaucracy is normally made by the higher officials and not by election.
The duties and responsibilities of each job are clearly defined there is no question of overlapping or conflicting job duties. These principles and characteristics were widely received by both the public and private sectors, and the very basics of a bureaucratic system are actually based on these six principles proposed by Max Weber in his theory of bureaucracy. Bureaucracy is an administrative system designed to accomplish large-scale administrative tasks by systematically coordinating the work of many individuals. Efficient Operations Efficiency was, Weber insisted, one of the hallmarks of a bureaucracy. While it is acceptable for the four sales reps to meet up after work for happy hour and have a drink, Megan should excuse herself from participating in such an occasion.
This non-personal view of organizations followed a formal structure where rules, formal legitimate authority and competence were characteristics of appropriate management practices. It is suggested that Max Weber's theory of bureaucracy is most relevant and his concerns still echo in organisations today. Weber suggested that they would need to adopt a new way of administration and also a more efficient way of hiring people in order to allocate them to specific roles according to their expertise and knowledge. However, the weakness of division of labour is that workers may be unhappy with their work, although the tasks they are assigned to are simple. The Puritan wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so. This involves: i a sphere of obligations to perform functions which has been marked off as part of a systematic division of labour; ii the provision of the incumbent with necessary authority to carry out these functions; and iii the necessary means of compulsion are clearly defined and their use is subject to definite conditions. In his opinion, bureaucracy would help resolve some of these defects.
It gives a greater sense of security to the employees. The scientific branch comes from the scientific mindset of attempting to increase productivity. These rules should be followed in every step of the organization and they are equally applicable to every member of the organization. There will be lesser confusion and conflicts at work, hence workers make fewer mistakes, which allow the organization to be more productive. In order to achieve these, objectives are taken as below. Guidance by past procedures: Bureaucrats are mostly guided by the past procedures. The school as a system has goals to meet.