The resources for the tribal sub-plan mainly come from the state plan funds, investment from Central ministries, special Central assistance and institutional finance. B Welfare projects undertaken will go a long way in improving the socio-economic conditions of project affected communities and as a consequence bring about a substantial improvement in their in their quality of life. The primary objective of Community Development Programme was to achieve rural development. A special workshop was convened in 1975 to evolve the criteria for the identification of such backward groups. Effortsa also being made to improve agriculture and forest which are two important economic activities of tribal's. A separate organizational structure should be created with careful selection of personnel to deal with their problems sympathetically.
Extensive areas covered by this programme are in Madhya Pradesh including Chhattisgarh , Orissa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Padesh, Bihar Jharkhand , and Rajasthan. The tribal areas are relatively backward. The Indian Constitution has made important provisions for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes. There is need to revisit many of the tribal groups and study them to find out how much change has occurred in them and what institutions of their primitive past still continue to guide their lives. The Central Government and State Governments have made incessant effort in the direction of tribal welfare.
They will be formed into clusters to aggregate their stock in tradable quantity and link them with facility of primary processing in Van Dhan Vikas Kendra. In order for America to attain and sustain its credibility, Africans must perceive that America's goals are in their best interests as well. The services provided to tribals under these programmes are free education, provision for educational equipment, Ashram schools, scholarship etc. But there were remote inaccessible areas and there was almost total absence of additional infrastructural facilities. Gram Sabhas of tribal areas should be given greater role in deciding the questions of land acuisition. The Scheduled Areas as per the Constitutional orders have been declared in eight States viz A.
Since independence, a number of projects were initiated to develop the tribal areas. Contact with outside settlers is an age-old phenomenon. In the horticultural programme, it is not merely the development of orchards apple, grapes, banana etc , but tying them up with marketing that has been emphasized. The duty of these Councils is to advise the Government on such matters concerning the welfare of Scheduled Tribes and development of Scheduled Areas. For the scientific planning of the hill areas vital information on resources e.
The Union Government provides guidelines in regard to the administration of Scheduled Areas. A detailed and comprehensive review of the tribal problem was taken on the eve of the Fifth Five Year Plan and the Tribal sub-Plan strategy took note of the fact that an integrated approach to the tribal problems was necessary in terms of their geographic and demographic concentra- tion — If a faster development of this community is to take place. The founding fathers of the Indian constitution were aware of their problems. The tribal sub-plan has tended to become yet another centrally sponsored scheme, hanging loose from the state level programmes. Tribes encounter socio-economic, cultural and political problems. There are 19 districts Dhar, Mandla in Madhya Pradesh; Surguja and Bastar in Chhattisgarh; Sundergarh, Mayurbhanj and Koraput in Orissa; Lahul and Spiti and Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh Dungarpur and Banswara in Rajasthan; Ranchi in Jharkhand; Valsad in Gujarat; Kameng, Lohit and Tirap in Arunachal Pradesh; Mikir Hills and North Cachar Hills in Assam and Manipur North in Manipur in the country wherein the tribal population is more than 50 per cent of the total population. It was reported by Xaxa committee that root cause behind this lag in socio-economic indicators has been various loopholes in land acquisition process for development works and mining activities, by which land is acquired forcibly without commensurate compensation.
The funding of projects under this scheme varies from state to state. Tribal Research Institute: Tribal and Harijan Research Institutes, which undertake intensive studies of tribal arts, culture and customs have been set up in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan and West Bengal. This assistance is given for income-generating schemes in the sectors of agriculture, horticulture, minor irrigation, animal husbandry, soil conservation, education, cooperatives, and small-scale cottage industries. C Help mitigate the adverse environmental impact of mining. Chhattisgarh is known for its exceptional scenic beauty and rich cultural heritage.
Remote-sensing techniques and air-photo in perpetration combined with ground truth studies hold great possibilities for this purpose. These components will improve the existing tourist facilities, enhance the overall tourist experience and help in getting more visitors which in return will increase job opportunities in the area. Agricultural Support Program in Tribal Area and the tribal cultivator residing out side tribal area. Programmes for which Central assistance is given can be divided into three groups namely education, economic upliftment and health. The employment -generating schemes have not been implemented properly.
Initially 43 such blocks were selected for the purpose soon it was realised that it would not be possible to sustain such an intensive development approach for a long. The Indian Constitution has made important provisions for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes. The Central Government and State Governments have made incessant effort in the direction of tribal welfare. The hill areas are particularly suited to industries which require pollution free atmospheres, cold climate based on high skills and high value additions like electronic, watch making, optical glass, collapsible furniture, medicines and drugs etc Cottage dustiest like carpet manufacture and handlooms also suitable activities. Programmes for which Central assistance is given can be divided into three groups namely education, economic upliftment and health. The major objectives of the tribal development have remained as follows: i To take up family oriented programmes in order to raise productivity levels of the beneficiary families in the fields of agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, small scale industries etc.
Their lands were grabbed by money landers and middleman who used them for their economic benefits. However, this is not happening because of a number of difficulties. The goal of the programme is to promote sustainable improvement in the food and livelihood security and general quality of life of the target group. The central and state governments will provide necessary support by creating infrastructure and providing enabling environment for undertaking value addition of systematic scientific lines. They will be able to market their products, by working under leadership of collector, not only within states but also outside states.
Also the local people's participation has been lacking in formulating and implementing the development plans. Increasing the welfare of the socially and economically disadvantaged groups, including the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, backward classes, handicapped and disabled, women and children is one of the objectives of Ninth Plan. Background Development of tribes and tribal culture is one of the prime area of focus for the Tourism Ministry. While these achievements are a matter of some satisfaction as various development plans, policies and programmes have brought forth a perceptible improvement in the socio-economic status of the Scheduled Tribes a lot more needs to be done with concerted focus on the issues crucial to improve their status on par with the rest of the population. These communities were notified as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as per provisions contained in Clause 1 of Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution respectively. A similar approach was also adopted in case of States and Union Territories having dispersed tribal population by paying special attention to pockets of tribal concentrations, keeping in view their tenor of dispersal. To ensure that the constitutional mandates listed above and translated into various policies and programmes and put into effective action, high priority for the welfare and development of Scheduled Tribes right from the beginning of the First Five Year Plan 1952-57 is being accorded.