They are never to question what they are instructed to do; they are expected to be obedient. This study guide was written with the assumption that you have read Crime and Punishment. When Enoch, a fanatical convert, rips the mask off of one of the clan's masked egwugwu during a ceremony, the clan retaliates by burning down the church. He then tries to shoot her. The theme of ambition has its converse, and it is Okonkwo's fear of failure that makes him a harsh man. It marks the beginning of harvest season. He scorns Okonkwo's traditional offer of kola nut and demands a stiff fine of goods and money from Okonkwo.
In the end, Okonkwo kills himself because he cannot accept how his village is changing. Chapter 4 Summary: Okonkwo shows few emotions openly, none of them tender ones. For the remaining summary of Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, go to the next page. We see her helping the other wives, doing chores for her mother, and bringing Okonkwo his food. Tradition dictates their role in life. Okonkwo is so bent out of shape that he disowns his son.
Okonkwo is disappointed in the lack of attention his return receives. Analysis: Achebe gives us a concise portrait of the social organization of the Igbo, on several levels. He tries his best to train Nwoye to be strong and brave while he feels sorry that Ezinma is a girl. But the accident and exile are proof that at times man cannot control his own fate, and Okonkwo is forced to start over again without the strength and energy of his youth. His first harvest is disastrous, but Okonkwo survives it. Okonkwo believes that the man speaks nonsense, but his son, Nwoye, is captivated and becomes a convert of Christianity. The Christian missionaries build a church on land given to them by the village leaders.
Masculinity Masculinity is a huge theme in Things Fall Apart. But this approach is turning Nwoye into a sad and resentful youth. The next day at a meeting for clansmen, five court messengers who intend to stop the gathering approach the group. Igbo society is patriarchal, but this chapter focuses on female characters. He feels that not participating would be a sign of weakness. In 1961, he married Christie Chinwe Okoli, with whom he would go on to have four children, and it was during this decade he wrote the follow-up novels to Things Fall Apart: No Longer at Ease 1960 and Arrow of God 1964 , as well as A Man of the People 1966.
When he returns to his village, he finds that the presence of the white men has spread a lot. But when nothing happens to the missionaries, the people of Mbanta conclude that the missionaries possess extraordinary power and magic. Each wife has her own hut. The egwugwu tell the husband to take wine to his in-laws and beg his wife to come home. His beating of Ojiugo is the first concrete incident in the book during which we watch Okonkwo lose control. He gave Okonkwo encouraging praise, but it only tried Okonkwo's patience.
Obierika leads them to a bush where Okonkwo has hanged himself. When she returns, Okonkwo beats her savagely. But Okonkwo is depressed, and he blames his chi or personal spirit for his failure to achieve lasting greatness. Okonkwo is determined to be the opposite of his father. Brown, a white missionary who is popular for his patience and understanding approach, has built a school and hospital, and many clan members are enrolling their children in the school so that they can one day become clerks or teachers. But Reverend Smith is nothing like Mr.
Achebe believed that even as original and subtle a work as Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness - a novel seen by many as a criticism of colonialism and one that Achebe admired stylistically - reflected these assumptions. The boy is named Ikemefuna and Okonkwo comes to love him like a son. Ekwefi has born ten children, but only Ezinma has survived. Analysis: Maculinity is one of Okonkwo's obsessions. One is the destructive effect of colonization. The Christian missionaries ask for a plot of land to build a church. Nwoye, however, is captivated by the hymn he hears on the first day, and soon joins the Christians to get away from his father, who is outraged.
She in turn asks him if he will be staying with them for a long period of time. Achebe depicts Igbo society in transition, from its first contact with the British colonialists to the growing dominance of British rule over the indigenous people. Okoye was about take the third-highest title in the land, and he needed to collect resources. His work ethic and his ambition also give rise to his faults: he is a harsh man, quick to anger and without humility. Her brother took her back to their family's village, but her husband wanted her back home.
The missionaries arrive first, preaching a religion that seems mad to the Igbo people. He orders them around like dogs. The Oracle told him that the fault lay not in the gods, but in his laziness. The second day of the new year is the day for wrestling. The clan expects evil spirits to destroy the Christians. He hates the fact that his father is so unsuccessful; therefore, he does not want to be like his father. In Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, women of the Igbo tribe are terribly mistreated, and viewed as weak and receive little or no respect outside of their role as a mother.
In fact they are used to show that Okonkwo does respect women for their ability if he does not fear to become like his father. There is also a high level of social mobility. One day, a neighboring clan commits an offense against Umuofia. Unoka laughed him off, telling him that he had many other debts he needed to pay first. He goes and is treated with respect, and he returns with the young boy and the virgin girl. Ezinma is well-beloved, not only by Ekwefi and Okonkwo, but by the other wives as well. Oprah would accuse him of not being affectionate enough with his children and every college football coach in the country would give him a scholarship.