The case study as a research method. The other main thing to remember during case studies is their flexibility. However, there are subtle differences you should be aware of. He presented a structured process for undertaking case study research where formal propositions or theories guide the research process and are tested as part of the outcome, highlighting his realist approach to qualitative case study research. An interpretative position views reality as multiple and subjective, based on meanings and understanding. Interpreting the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out.
The qualitative methods described below are all likely to be used in case study research. Analyze and understand your research The analysis of the data can vary from simple and direct steps to technical and complex processes. In the social and behavioral sciences, the event or incident that represents the case to be studied is usually bounded by time and place, with a clear beginning and end and with an identifiable location or position relative to its surroundings. Focus groups are an expensive method as compared to the other qualitative research methods. Maybe a 6th edition could just take care of the poor writing? The problem-solving research uses applied research to find solutions to the existing problems. Observation provides insight into the behavior patterns and social organizations that operate and constitute a particular bounded system or case.
Case study research: The case study method has evolved over the past few years and developed as into a valuable qualitative research method. The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for case studies. There is an ethical issue of competence. Pre — Post case Studies. About the Author Rebeca Renata has been writing since 2005 and has been published on various websites.
Professions including the social sciences, education, health, law, management, business, and urban planning have embraced case study research, demonstrating these outcomes. Bounding the case is essential to focusing, framing, and managing data collection and analysis. It is a personal interview that is carried out with one respondent at a time. Yin was an early adapter to Case Study, and continues to lead the way with best practices and insight on how best to utilize Case Study Methods. We felt case study research was important to define because it is a common approach in healthcare research. Problem Solving Research : This type of research is conducted by companies to understand and resolve their own problems. He conducted very detailed investigations into the private lives of his patients in an attempt to both understand and help them overcome their illnesses.
Research can be about anything, scientific research, basic research, applied research, and , problem-oriented research, problem-solving research. Conclusion Since the 1980's a broad scope of case study approaches have developed. Ask yourself if what your research revealed facilitates the identification of your conclusions and recommendations. One of the most used methods for qualitative data analysis is text analysis. Since I am considering using the case study process for my dissertation research, this book helped me visualize how it might work.
Comparative case studies, in social science, policy, and education research; discusses one approach, which encourages researchers to compare horizontally, vertically, and temporally. Jamie has written seven books and co-authored one. A phenomenon refers to a fact, occurrence, or circumstance that can be studied or observed but with the cause or explanation to be in question. Laboratory observations are usually less time-consuming and cheaper than naturalistic observations. Inductive approaches are associated with and deductive methods are more commonly associated with One of the most important aspects of research is the statistics associated with it, conclusion or result. . These are primarily descriptive studies.
While writing your paper, think introspectively about how you addressed these misconceptions because to do so can help you strengthen the validity and reliability of your research by clarifying issues of case selection, the testing and challenging of existing assumptions, the interpretation of key findings, and the summation of case outcomes. It cannot draw conclusions from that data about which way the relationship goes — Does A cause B, or does B cause A? If you do not, your reader may question the validity of your analysis, particularly if you failed to document an obvious outcome from your case study research. Rather, several situations or events may be examined to raise questions or challenge previously held assertions. Research terminology simplified: Paradigms, ontology, epistemology and methodology. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches 4th ed. By using multiple sources of data and both qualitative and quantitative data researchers may attain the richest possible understanding of a case. The Counseling Psychologist, 35 2 , 236-264.
This is a non- statistical research method. For example, in the case of studying the accident at the railroad crossing to evaluate where and what types of warning signals should be located, you failed to take into consideration speed limit signage as well as warning signals. Case studies can be used to establish where the problem originates by utilizing several research methods. Be alert to what the in-depth analysis of the case may reveal about the research problem, including offering a contrarian perspective to what scholars have stated in prior research. Case studies can be intrinsic focusing on understanding that specific case , instrumental focusing on understanding the issue in a broader way or collective comparing multiple cases. Conclusion As with any research paper, you should summarize your conclusion in clear, simple language; emphasize how the findings from your case study differs from or supports prior research and why.
This leads to greater ecological validity than laboratory observation, proponents say. Note that it is important to conduct a thorough literature review to ensure that your assumption about the need to reveal new insights or previously hidden problems is valid and evidence-based. Teaching case studies have been a highly popular pedagogical format in many fields ranging from business education to science education. Observational Method With the observational method sometimes referred to as field observation animal and human behavior is closely observed. Qualitative Research: is a process that is about inquiry, that helps in-depth understanding of the problems or issues in their natural settings. Casing the research case study. The truth probably lies between the two and it is probably best to try and synergize the two approaches.
A focus group usually includes a limited number of respondents 6-10 from within your target market. This research plays an important role in solving issues that impact the overall well-being of humans. New York: Cambridge University Press. This book includes exemplary case studies drawn from a wide variety of academic fields. Case studies could also be used in an educational setting to explore the development of writing skills in a small group of high school freshmen taking a creative writing class. The main aim of the focus group is to find answers to the why what and how questions. Case-based Teaching and Learning for the 21st Century.