History Animal testing has existed for thousands of years, as far back as early Greece when Aristotle used it. Success in animal experimentation does not equate to human safety When the sleeping pill thalidomide was tested on pregnant rats, mice, cats and guinea pigs, there were no incidence of birth defects, except when administered at extremely high doses. There are no other testing alternatives. Vegetarians and vegans prove this every day. In fact, they said that there is no evidence that animal experiments were essential in attaining such advancements.
Many of the research projects which involve new medications test the products on animals before testing them on humans. Additionally, the benefits of some of the products tested on animals may seem on the trivial side when compared to the pain it puts the animal through. Any of these methods is a safer, possibly even more reliable method of testing out a drug without involving animals, and with all of these options available, the argument could be made that using animals for experiments is no longer necessary. It uses animals that are a close match to humans. List of Pros of Animal Testing on Cosmetics 1. . These regulations hope to ensure that such research is carried out in a humanely and ethical manner.
Now, both sides of this debate are firmly holding to their beliefs, making it difficult for proponents and opponents to reach any agreement. What Are the Pros of Animal Research? One such alternative that should be given full support is the microfluidic chip, also known as organs on a chip. The costs of feeding, housing, caring for, and treating the animals must be considered, as well as the price of the animals in the first place. I understand this is for safety reasons given that some cosmetic products are potentially dangerous, but I wish this new regulation could apply to everything as it is presented in media and even official documents. They are not given the right amount and type of anesthesia, that makes them susceptible to extreme suffering due to the experiments performed on them. The Anderson Cancer Center also associated the hepatitis B vaccine with tests that were conducted on chimpanzees. Although animal activists primarily are concerned with the good and welfare of animals, advocates in favor of the research prioritize human lives and advancement in health.
They are forced fed, deprived of food and water, restrained physically for prolonged periods, inflicted with burns, wounds and pain to test for healing process effects and remedies, and even killed through neck-breaking or asphyxiation. Animal testing pros include the fact that many safety issues are eliminated before the products reach the consumer, including the potential for deadly reactions. If just half of those funds were sent to food programs, that would create 40 billion extra meals to feed the hungry. There are less expensive alternatives to animal experimentation Despite what proponents insist, cell cultures in a petri dish, or in vitro in glass testing, are not exactly useless or insufficient. That is why testing, on computer simulations, has increased recently. Animal Testing: Why Animals Are Used in Research? Allotted funds could be used elsewhere. These people believe that it is only ethical to test on subjects who willingly give their consent for self testing.
Insulin, for example, was discovered through an experiment where dogs have their pancreases removed. While there are tests that are painless, where animals are being returned to wherever they are taken from afterwards, this is not always the case in all trials. In the 1990s, up to 92% of products that were tested on animals never made it to market. But the real highlight is that vivisection helped kept endangered species, such as the California condor, the tamarins of Brazil, and the black-footed ferret, from becoming extinct. As you can see, people and animals are biologically similar, having the same set of organs, central nervous system and bloodstream, which is why both are affected by virtually the same health conditions and diseases. If such a procedure goes wrong, how helpful is it to treat animals in such a manner, that is putting at risk both animal and human life? Animal testing has also been helpful in saving endangered species from extinction. How we treat animals is a reflection of how we treat others.
Did you know that there are more than 20 million animals that are used yearly for product, medical and scientific testing? The Anderson Cancer Center animal research also associated the vaccine for Hepatitis B with experimentation on chimpanzees. Readers should know that the government has placed stringent laws for the treatment of animals in general, however, there are many who are against the low limits placed by the government. Proponents argue that numerous and significant breakthroughs have resulted and it is better to test on animals than subject humans to the tests. Considering these facts, animals are being accepted as appropriate research subjects. No one knows what knowledge that will be attained through animal testing, so the value of such animal testing cannot be ascertained ahead of time or even guessed.
But on the other side of the coin, critics are also pushing their reasons why the practice should not be continued, with animal suffering and ethical issues as their biggest concerns. Though animal composition is not completely similar to human beings, it is just sufficient for scientists to use on tests to see how cosmetics would work on humans. Without these experimentations, these people say that thousands, if not millions, of hepatitis B and diabetic patients would have died each year. Experiments can take place to determine if a product or idea will work as intended. They argue that other testing techniques are not advanced enough. Unless every product is proven safe for public consumption by these tests, critics will not see the need for conducting them.
Trial drugs must be tested on animals first to avoid human injury or death, proponents say. Because it cannot be fully replaced by computer simulations or models, the argument is that live testing will continue to be needed. The lives of human volunteers must not be endangered when testing medicines for side effects or potential toxicity. These are often the most debated however. These tests all come at a cost and that money needs to come from somewhere. Even taking all of this into consideration, however, the staunchest proponents have to acknowledge that there are cons to animal testing as well.
Because of animal testing, many cures and treatments to a variety of illnesses and diseases have been discovered that might have otherwise continued to plague mankind over the years. For years, the main reason given why animals are used in testing is that there are no other suitable candidates for this testing. This Act demands for reports as to the testing and treatment of all animals, however, allows for extensive testing that many may feel crosses the line. About 4% of the animals that are involved in ongoing research projects are covered by animal welfare laws. Meaning the few animals that are sacrificed or tested upon is worth less than the many animals that are potentially saved or helped, thus helping the greater good is more morale. It is highly regulated to protect animals from mistreatment. But, as English philosopher and social reformer Jeremy Bentham puts it, it is not a question of whether they can talk or reason, but whether or not they suffer.
What Are the Cons of Animal Rights? While many of you may argue about even considering the pros and cons of animal experimentation, you must be aware of the fact that in the past, and to this date, there are a lot of breakthroughs, especially in the world of medicine, that have been made by means of such tests. But what is really important is that these alternatives are less expensive than animal experimentations. By banning cosmetic testing on animals, it would be difficult for scientists and researchers to make an educated guess about the safety of cosmetics. Department of Agriculture reported that nearly 100,000 animals suffered pain during experiments while not being administered any anesthesia. Also, they feel that the method is allowing them to safeguard the environment.