The people who settled in the New England Colonies wanted to keep their family unit together and practice their own religion. The Southern colonies mainly concentrated in agricultural practices and cultivated crops like rice, indigo, cotton, tobacco. Most of the colonies had easy access to the Atlantic Ocean both along their coasts and by using river systems that were navigable for miles inland. They had however had slight similarities in their activities for example the existence of democracy in all the three colonies, except that fact the democracies were run in different ways. The Middle Colonies were self-governed. The Mayflower first made its way to Mashpee on Cape Cod, but after a disastrous interaction with the Native people in the region, they crossed Cape Cod Bay to Plymouth.
The Middle colonies also featured mixed economies, including farming and merchant shipping. Split off from North Carolina in 1712. A good example is the northern colony that made ships because of the availability of trees in their colony, and in turn used the ships to trade and make money. The Middle Colonies were similar with the New England Colonies in many more ways then they were with the South. The Middle Colonies had a two-class system which consisted of upper class landowners and middle class professionals living in large cities. The founders created the colonies differently in government and people; but they did have their similarities in superiority, temperature, and easy access of water. The Middle Colonies again had a fairly balanced class system though instead of merchants it centered around farming communities.
Climate The four Middle Colonies had rich soil that was great for farming. The original names of the Middle Colonies were the Province of New York, later New York and Vermont, the Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey, the Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania and the Delaware Colony before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware , later Delaware. The issue of slavery was rampant in the southern colonies, where it took root so firmly and not in the middle colonies or the New England. English Quakers originally settled in the Middle Colonies. They brought their families, as did the New England colonists, and they kept their families together on the plantations. Many people in the Middle Colonies established market towns or villages where they would trade their goods and food for a profit.
The New England colonies had rocky soil, which was not suited to plantation farming, so the New England colonies depended on fishing, lumbering, and subsistence farming. Again you see the predominance of servant as opposed to slave labor in the 17th century. Living so close to one another made places such as the village school, the village church and the village or town hall, places of common interest that everyone shared. Although a majority of the colonists were from England, socially the three groups of colonies developed differently. The Southern Colonies had a strict three class system: upper class wealthy plantation owners, middle class small plantation owners, lower class poor whites and a population of Negroes which were not considered a class at all. The main religion in New England were the Puritans, in the Southern Colonies it was the Anglican and in the Middle Colonies it was the Anglican, Protestant, and the Quakers. By 1700, 21,000 settlers had moved to Pennsylvania comparable to the Puritan's Great Migration.
Unlike the southern colonies, they followed strict rules and were intolerant to other religions. Similarities and Differences of the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies Essay Sample Restoration era. Comparison and Contrast Between the New England, Middle and Southern colonies The people of New England shared certain characteristics and lacked the diversity experienced in the Middle or Southern colonies. In the Southern Colonies it was the staple crops of Rice, Tobacco, and Indigo before the revolution and Cotton after. Many people made their living raising livestock or growing grain. Slavery The New England Colonies were self-governed. Quakers held religious meetings but their services were informal and conducted by laypersons rather than ordained clergy.
The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of food and these lands were also used for mining activities. Each and every one of these colonies had their own specific developments that were unique to the regions. We hope that this article on the 13 Colonies will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the colonists. Again, the Southern Colonies did vary from the Middle Colonies, and the New England Colonies. There were other denominations of Christians present within these two regions and they were given the freedom to worship as they pleased. For New England, the existing farms were small and located in the outskirts of the town. The soil made it difficult to grow crops, so most colonists had small independent farms they could care for on their own.
The three colonies all had comparable similarities, as they were all democratic. Quakers faced persecution in England and in New England for their religious beliefs. This did not only take place in the southern colonies, but also in the New England and middle colonies. The … girls were taught to read the bible and other religious papers as well. People from France, Holland, Germany, Sweden, Finland, Scotland, and Ireland soon joined the Quakers.
Geography Lumbering, trading, shipbuilding, fishing, and whaling were all common occupations in the New England Colonies. Nonconformists such as and Roger Williams were thrown out of the church. The Economy in New England centered around trade because farming was difficult with rocky soil. Once established, the thirteen British colonies could be divided into three geographic areas: New England, Middle, and Southern. But they ran their democratic governmentin all different types of ways.
The three colonies all had comparable similarities, as they were all democratic. The Middle Colonies had their government and church separated. The colonists grew only enough food to feed their families and didn't have enough to feed a slave. This turn to commerce would have a major impact many years later after the founding of the United States when questions of states rights and slavery were being discussed. Government The Middle Colonies Who? A fully comprehensive history reference relating to the era refer to the. The main characteristics of Middle colonies They include large farms and big cities New York and Philadelphia , very different from Backcountry.