Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, 30 November 1858 — 23 November 1937 was an polymath: a physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist, as well as an early writer of science fiction. He was the first person from the to get a , in 1904. He pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics, made very significant contributions to plant science, and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent. Through the recommendation of Anand Mohan, his brother-in-law sister's husband and the first Indian , he secured admission in , to study Natural Science. Born: November 30, 1858 Died: November 23, 1937 Achievements: He was the first to prove that plants too have feelings.
The genius born on 30th November 1858 in the Eastern part of British India the area now being part of Bangladesh was a physicist, a biologist, a botanist, an archaeologist, an author, and a connoisseur of fine arts. There are two things in this instrument that help measure plant growth and development, and these are a smoked glass plate and a number of clockwise gears. His family hailed from the village Rarikhal, , in the current day of Bangladesh. Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose also developed equipment for transmitting, generating, and receiving radio waves. Bose was at least 60 years ahead of his time because he predicted that N-type and P-type semiconductors can exist and he was right. He has been recognised for his many contributions to modern science. Bose's parents lived for some years after their debts were cleared.
Bose proved via experimentation and observation that plant cells actually used electrical impulses just like animals when reacting to stimuli. Yet, rather than trying to convert his inventions into commercial gains, he chose to make his inventions public, in the same way as open-source software works today, to enable anyone else to use and build on his research. During the same demonstration, Bose also managed to demonstrated explosion of gun powder using electromagnetic wave. Presidency College lacked a proper laboratory. Radio research See also: The British theoretical physicist mathematically predicted the existence of electromagnetic waves of diverse wavelengths, but he died in 1879 before his prediction was experimentally verified.
He studied medicine at London University, England, for a year but gave it up because of his own ill health. The instrument received widespread acclaim, particularly from the Path Congress of Science in 1900. Bose used to be quite strong against patenting his inventions, and barely ever expressed interest in commercial uses of his research, encouraging others to use his work. The event was greeted with much appreciation, however, some physiologists were not content, and considered Bose as an intruder. Later, he added the story in the Abyakta book as Palatak Tuphan.
Not only was he not given any equipment or lab space with which to pursue research, he was offered a salary that was much lower than his European colleagues. Within a year he moved to Cambridge to take up a scholarship to study Natural Science at Christ's College Cambridge. Thus young Jagadish was sent to a vernacular school where he had classmates from various religions and communities. They harshly knocked the experiment but Bose did not give up and was quite confident about his findings. He was given a terrible routine that forced him to work for long hours. Another one of his inventions was an extremely sensitive coherer, a device to detect radio waves.
After this illustrious education, Bose returned home, securing a position as an Assistant Professor of Physics at Presidency College in Calcutta in 1885 a post he held until 1915. On November 23, 1937, J. Contributions to Science After completing his degree, Bose returned to India and took a position as a professor of physics at Presidency College in Calcutta. Born on November 30, 1858 in Bikrampur, which is now part of Dhaka, Bangladesh. He also carried out extensive studies on diffraction, refraction, and polarization, effectively inventing wireless telegraphy.
After his return Jagadish Chandra Bose, was offered lectureship at Presidency College, Calcutta on a salary half that of his English colleagues. Jagdish Chandra Bose Aquarium Location Pal, , No. Bose no relationship with the modern American audio equipment company pursued selfless research and experimentation without any desire for personal enrichment or fame, and the research and inventions he produced in his lifetime laid the basis for much of our modern existence, including our understanding of plant life, radio waves, and semiconductors. Bose adored Karma of the Mahabharata for his steadfastness and getting success in a defeat. Jagadish Chandra Bose was the first scientist in the world to have successfully measured the responses that plants have when they are exposed to several stimuli such as electricity, touch, sound and light. Jagdish Chandra Bose showed experimentally plants too have life.
He had his early education in St. In 1896, he wrote a story called Niruddesher Kahini, which means The Story of the Missing. Since Marconi was quick enough to patent the work, he was given credit for the work that was actually done by Bose. He purposefully avoided filing for patents on his work he only filed for one, after pressure from friends, and even let that one patent expire , and encouraged other scientists to build on and use his own research. He returned to India and joined the of as a Professor of Physics. He is also considered the father of Bengali science fiction.