That singular battle ruined his military reputation for good. Could this historical fact in no small way have contributed to the legend of Robin Hood and Sherwood Forest, several hundred miles to the south but in the same time period? Sir William Wallace, Guardian of Scotland Over 700 years ago… …tyranny and terror were the tools being used by England to rule Scotland. Robert is dominated by his father, who wishes to secure the throne for his son by submitting to the English. She warns him of the coming invasion, and Wallace implores the Scottish nobility to take immediate action to counter the threat and take back the country, asking Robert the Bruce to lead. The Wallace Sword currently on display in Stirling, Scotland weighs 5.
A court decided who would be the rightful heir to the throne and John Balliol was selected. This is also part of the debate about his physical stature. William persuaded many powerful French nobles to join him. A must read for any true afficionado of Scottish or medieval history. From those trapped on the north side, more than 100 men-at-arms and 5,000 Welsh infantry were caught and slaughtered by the Scottish forces. Over time as with many stories, words and their meanings have gotten a little mixed up. Wallace became the legendary leader of Scottish resistance by accident, by the death, capture or surrender of his colleagues.
His title before becoming king was , not Earl of Bruce. The tables truly turned Following the virtual expulsion of the English and Edward's armies from Scotland, William Wallace for a time turned his attention to more peaceful, administrative issues and particularly to encouraging trade with mainland Europe. The inevitable confrontation between the two massed armies was to come about on 11th September 1297, by the small wooden bridge which spanned the River Forth at the time, near Stirling. The 1995 movie, BraveHeart, is a cinematic master-piece. Sporadic resistance had already occurred when, in May 1297, Wallace and a band of some 30 men burned and killed its English. Also, please consider sharing our Scottish History and Legends website with your online friends.
Wallace was a brutal man. He was the son of Malcolm Wallace, a Scottish knight killed by one of his English counterparts by the name of Fenwick. Do you want to know more about William Wallace? Among the questions discussed, it seems clear that he was born in Ellerslie in the year 1272. The film's scene where he scoffs cynically at Isabella for distributing gold to the poor after Wallace refuses it as a bribe would have been unlikely. As stated before, Wallace had to be of great physical strength and stature in order to carry such a sword, yet a few people are undefinitive of whether or not he was strong and intelligent. Gibson was initially interested in directing only and considered in the role of , but Gibson reluctantly agreed to play Wallace as well. I will conclude with the fact that William Wallace was truly a worthy patriot of his native country Scotland.
Because no more than three people abreast could cross the bridge, they were able to choke off the English into smaller groups that fell before the Scots. The King of England, Edward the I stepped in after being requested to arbitrate by the Scottish Nobility. Archived from on March 29, 2012. Either William had coordinated with other nobles in an act of uprising or he had chosen to act alone, regardless the message to the English was very clear. He was stretched, beaten, disemboweled, had his entrails set aflame, and yet he did not ask for mercy from the English magistrate. Being taught by priests as a young man he was very brilliant and used this intellect and quick thinking on the battlefield.
Since there are many different stories about the same man, historians and scholars find it difficult to determine the actual truth about William Wallace and his past. Error 5: The Battle of Stirling… Bridge? Robert the Bruce had wanted a meeting with Wallace. In this paper, I am going to show the conflicting views about William Wallace's life. Thus it is believed that William Wallace was six feet seven inches tall. It portrays Wallace as a tall, strong, and brilliant man and military soldier. Wallace was content, however, to refuse to engage in battle, waiting until the large army had exhausted their supplies to strike. Error 3: Primae Noctis may have not really existed The first night or Primae Noctis is apparently considered by most historians as a bit of a historical urban myth.
On the 22nd July 1298, Wallace bade his foot soldiers form four circles on a hill near Falkirk, each of them armed with a twelve foot spear. According to James Mckay, his research provides him that the best date is either the year 1272 or 1273, although many other scholars place it anywhere from 1260 to 1278. From political and social obscurity he seized control of the reins of government and became the first leader of his people in a war of liberation against a far larger and richer enemy--England--that would last for more than 60 years. Here, the legend of the sword becomes murky. He lost his nerve and despite still having a main force in his control, he ordered the bridge to be destroyed and for his forces to retreat. It should be believed that William Wallace was a giant man, towering almost one foot and seven inches over the average mans height at six feet seven inches. It is Horner's second of three collaborations with as director.
At the base, the sword is 2. If he were born in 1260 then at the time that he fought the English at Stirling he would be 37 years old, which is a bit beyond the normal life expectancy for someone at that time. These generations include people of English, Scottish, and Irish decent, a few among many. The bridge which stood 180 metres upstream from the 15th century stone bridge that still stands today was only wide enough for two horsemen to pass abreast, and it would have taken the English army hours to cross. The film holds a 76% approval rating at review aggregator , with an average score of 7. Why is William Wallace a popular Scottish Warrior? Selby attempted to pick a fight with William and Wallace proceeded to kill Selby and either murder or wound the few friends that accompanied Selby.
The Stone of Destiny Taken He continued to perform various acts of war and humiliation while attempting to bring Scotland to heel, including the removal of the Stone of Scone Stone of Destiny from Scotland to his palace in London. As a result, historians are often left with conflicting opinions about who William Wallace really was. The Scottish nobility agreed to this as long as Scotland remained an independent nation. The movie, however, seems to avoid certain conflictions about his life. At the , the film was nominated for ten and won five: , , , , and.
This last version dates only from Blind Harry's story from around 1470, and is most likely pure fiction. For example, in the script the young William Wallace was written as being at the age of eight when his father and brother died. Subsequently, he was taken to Westminster where he was tried for treason. On September 11, 1297, an English army under John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, confronted him at the Forth near. . His most famous battle at Stirling Bridge is what many consider to be his most glorious battle. The film also stars , and.