Starvation is a huge issue facing the world and the mortality rate for children is being fuelled by it. The situation in Africa is also more worrisome. The impact of human transformation is especially felt in terms of culture, but economic effects are also important. While deforestation has created more opportunities for people to engage in agriculture, it ultimately has had a negative impact on poor farmers because they need the resources that the forest provides in order to survive. She cannot play any meaningful role in her community and society until she is able to limit her family to a proper size. Although all of these issues have an impact on our society, overpopulation stands to have the greatest impact on our environment. Though the overall population remains the same, it just affects the density of population making that place simply overcrowded.
Indian farmers mainly rely on the annual monsoons to water their crops, but because of climate change the yearly monsoon patterns have changed Ninkovic et al. The population of China is growing exponentially and it is a serious issue because of its impact on the environment. Our government needs to adopt such public policies that not only curb the uncontrolled growth of the number of persons, but also prevent unchecked migration of the population and the growing centralization of the people in urban areas. First of all, when countries are overpopulated, the hardly have enough food to support themselves, never mind the hope of having a surplus to sell. Necessarily if the density of population be large, the pressure on the means of subsistence will also be unduly heavy.
As the human population continues to explode, finite natural resources, such as, , continue to plummet, which is placing and leading to a diminished quality of life. This will place those living in impoverished areas that already have limited access to such water at great risk. Combining the increase in food supply with fewer means of mortality tipped the balance and became the starting point of overpopulation. In some cases, immigrants may be in their own countries, only to contribute to the same issues in the countries they move to. The sewage plants do their best, but the secondary discharge that gets into the water supply causes great problems.
Rise in Unemployment: When a country becomes overpopulated, it gives rise to unemployment as there fewer jobs to support large number of people. In 2006 450,000 deaths have been caused by diarrhea. By reducing the gap, they also develop other means of livelihood. Today, in advanced countries, the increase in the means of subsistence ha6 outstripped the rate of population growth. As per population experts, major problem in regard to Indian population at present is that most of its population is in reproductive stage hence leading to more babies though the number of children per family has definitely declined. The Malthusian law might have been valid at the time of the Industrial Revolution, when there was large-scale migration of agricultural workers to mines and factories in search of more paying jobs, and to the colonies in search of fortune.
I he backlog of unemployment at the beginning at the First Plan was estimated at 3. And who knows that the moon will not be colonised? High rates of infant mortality are caused by poverty — lack of basic necessities and poor living conditions. Amartya Sen has asserted in one of his studies that since independence, India, due to its democratic social set-up has been able to avert famines. On the one hand, per capita availability of land goes on diminishing and on the other, the problem of sub-division and fragmentation of holdings goes on increasing. In his opinion, if a country is overpopulated, early deaths due to starvation, disease or some other natural calamities are inevitable. People defecate in open and rivers leading to ever increasing number of viruses, bacteria and parasite cysts.
Though you will find that population is growing at an alarming rate in India but actually the condition is bit better than said. Developing nations face the problem of overpopulation more than developed countries, but it affects most of the Earth as of now. Without farming, the world population would probably have reached half a million by now. Wide spread of infectious diseases from overcrowding in slums, lack of adequate sanitation and clean drinkable water and scarce medical resources. Along with the population increase here, it is witnessing decrease in the quality of life of the people and increase in internal instability. Human beings are currently causing the greatest mass extinction of species since the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago at. Faster Climate Change Overpopulation directly correlates to climate change, particularly as larger nations, like China and India, continue to develop their industrial capacities.
Since the death rate has also gone down sharply, the population has tended to grow very fast in India. Overpopulation will place great demands on resources and land, leading to widespread environmental issues in addition to impacting global economies and standards of living. People who make the change are often young people, while the old and the children follow them. Population Explosion in India The Factors and Effects of Population Explosion in India, and Steps to Control Population There are many factors contributing in the population explosion in India, and the increased population has led to many others consequences. One of them might be to waive of certain part of income tax or lowering rates of income tax for those married couples who have single or two children. Today there are more people suffering in misery and starvation in the world than ever before in history. Moreover, most of the people stick to the antique cultural norms which indirectly cause the population to increase.
In each state, emphasis should be on pollution-free and clean environment in urban and rural areas. This means the amount of these resources per person is declining, in spite of modern technology. As per the second advance estimates released by Ministry of Agriculture on February 9, 2011 production of food grains during 2010-11 is estimated at 232. However, if the monsoons do not arrive at the correct time in the subsequent year and the same process occurs once more, commercial farmers are then unable to pay off their loan from the previous year Ninkovic et al. Human overpopulation is a major driving force behind the loss of ecosystems, such as rainforests, coral reefs, wetlands and Arctic ice. The productivity of almost all the crops suffered considerably, which led to the decline in their production. We can no longer prevent it, but there are ways to control it.
If no preventative measures were taken to check the growth of the population, positive checks, in the form of famine or warfare would take place The Malthusion law held that population increases far more rapidly than the means of subsistence does. Also people have become selfish and want to earn money through simple means. Consequently, trees which used to help us in deteriorating the air pollution now have no. Family planning will not only improve family welfare, but also contribute to achieving social prosperity and personal happiness. It will act as an incentive for the producers to set up more industries which will bring economic development.
Advantages of Overpopulation i Efficient utilization of resources A major portion of our country's resources are lying idle or are underutilized. It is due the fact that population growth has increased by 2. Those people are unable to understand the harmful effects of overpopulation and lack of quality education prompts them to avoid family planning measures. Overpopulation leads to poverty, unemployment, climate change which pressurizes the natural resources like forests and lands, leads to various social and religious conflicts. As population densities increase, laws, which , will more frequently regulate interactions between humans and develop a need for more rules and restrictions to regulate these interactions.