In this article, the accuracy of three developmental screening tests was assessed. November 2018 Denver Developmental Screening Tests Purpose identify young children with developmental issues The Denver Developmental Screening Test was introduced in 1967 to identify young children, up to age six, with developmental problems. To determine the presence of developmental problems, children were administered individual measures of intelligence, speech-language, achievement, and adaptive behavior. Anthropometric methods were used to determine nutritional status. Independent samples t-test was used to detect mean differences in developmental outcomes between extremely poor and reference children.
One of its subtests, the Academic scale, is designed for developmental screening. Items most often omitted were those rated difficult for parents to observe. To test its accuracy in detecting children with problems, the scale was administered to parents of 94 children between 6 and 75 months old. The National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center. The test has been criticized because that population is slightly different from that of the U. Additional materials concern the opening of the International Child Development Center in Florence, Italy, a field visit to Bangladesh after the floods, immunization in the Dominican Republic, statistics concerning relationships between national health and wealth, medical education, communication and visual literacy in Kathmandu Nepal , development education, new publications, fund-raising with Spider-Man, and a special event marking United Nations Day in Barbados. Alternative tests include the Minnesota Child Development Inventory and the Battelle Developmental Inventory Screening Test.
Recent research supporting the effectiveness of early intervention and laws expanding services have increased the demand for accurate developmental screening tests. The study was conducted in Jimma, South West Ethiopia. Children within one month of their birthdays were likely to be over- or underreferred. This article needs more to help. No significant difference was found with receptive language. The absence of such data makes it difficult for professionals to choose measures wisely and to avoid those that under-detect or over-refer. Correlations were obtained for the entire sample as well as for the two chronological age groups i.
Although they can be downloaded without charge, they may be neither altered nor sold. Abstract presented at the Society for Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics. Concepts: sorting blocks, naming colors, counting, following directions etc. The screening test has higher sensi- tivity 83 % than specificity 43 %. The test can be easily administered in about 20 minutes and scoring is based on observation and parental reporting. The child must have three passes before going on to another sector. A major strength of this article is the large sample size and a limitation would be that much of the data collected was subjective, which is not always as reliable.
Trial registration: The study was retrospectively registered on ClinicalTrials. A follow up testing would have benefitted this study to show the potential lasting benefits of the intervention. After taking into account the effects of stunting and being underweight on the developmental scores, it was observed that limited play activities, limited child-to-child interactions and mother-child relationships were negatively related mainly to gross motor and language performances of children in extreme poverty. We used an interview guide to investigate resilience of the children. Developmental Screening and Assessment Instruments with an Emphasis on Social and Emotional Development for Young Children Ages Birth through Five. Available at , Accessed: March 12, 2015.
During its first 25 years of use, one study found it to be insensitive to language delays. First presented are moral, scientific, social equity, economic, population, and programatic arguments for looking beyond the fundamental objective of saving young lives. . In the interim, test users should employ screening tests which are more accurate such as the Minnesota Inventories or the Battelle Developmental Inventory Screening Test. Both tests differ from other common developmental screening tests in that the examiner directly tests the child. Once again, four categories are given. Methods: A randomized single-blind investigator controlled trial design was used.
Many different professionals and paraprofessionals can administer this screening tool including but not limited to: teachers, physical therapists, occupational therapists, social services, and school counselors. Information about sociodemographic characteristics was collected using a structured questionnaire. Inter-rater reliability was also a Kappa measure of 76% in the Persian version. The assessment should be carried out in a medical environment, or at the home of the child. Retrieved September 30, 2015, from.
Special instructions appear on the backside of the form C. It is a standardized test. Each item is scored as pass, fail, or refused. The purpose of the tests is to identify young children with developmental problems so that they can be referred for help. Ages should be adjusted for prematurity as needed. Frankenburg did not recommend criteria for referral; rather, he recommended that screening programs and communities review their results and decide whether they are satisfied Technical Manual, pp.