. At the same time, we shall also discuss the nature of political science definition,theory, and scope. The main thrust of the new view is the treatment of politics as an activity and a process. An organized society needs some system to make and enforce rules for orderly behavior in society. Manusmriti, dated to about two centuries after the time of Chanakya is another important political treatise of ancient India. He was a trustee and chairman of the Academy of Independent Scholars 1979—81 ; a member of the Committee on Higher Education of the 1978—80 ; and also served as chairman of the Committee on Scientific Information Exchange of the American Political science Association 1972.
At the forefront of both the and in the discipline of political science during the 1950s and 1970s, Easton provided the discipline's most widely used definition of politics as the authoritative allocation of values for the society. Charles Merriam, who initiated the Chicago School of behavioural revolution, can be truly regarded as the intellectual godfather of this approach. They may not even be allowed to enter the system. The whole decision elucidates that an individual is the most important factor in the political system with out him no demands can occur, no capability is fruitful and therefore, decisions are not needed. It has to operate as an effective transforming process. Ever since man started living an organized social life, Politics has come to play a very important role. They can be roughly translated as laws or acts of policy.
In his nineties he continued to teach graduate students and play a full part in the governance of his department. Since 1945, many political scientists, at first mostly Americana, have adopted the systems approach to the study of politics. It is difficult to put different ideas within a limited scope of single definition. They can be the effects or results of immediately authorised decisions. The political system allocates values for the whole society and its decisions stand obligatory. The idea appeared in sociology and other social sciences but it was Easton who specified how it could be best applied to behavioral research on politics. Even delayed information can cause great harm to the survival of a political system.
The form and style of expressing support can be overt or covert, positive or negative, diffuse or specific, and so on. And these activities are generally treated as activities of the various organs of government. In short, they are the significant parts of die material on which the system operates. Many political ideas have been developed and accumulated in course of time. They can be expressed in all manner of ways, such as public opinion, polis, political parties, pressure groups, letters written to the governmental system, and also by means of riots, public demonstrations, and protest marches, etc. Advanced countries already make use of it in one form or other. All organs of the body have their special functions to perform.
But his presidential address in 1969, claiming that his subject was in crisis, caused shockwaves. He spent the next 12 years working on it. From 1944 to 1947 Easton was a teaching fellow at Harvard University. A system may not be in a position to convert all demands into outputs. David Easton was one of the most influential political scientists in the second half of the last century.
The inescapable presence of diversity and scarcity ensures that politics is an inevitable feature of human condition. This is quite different from traditionalism and behaviorism. Scientific study should be value neutral. Post behaviorism is both a movement and intellectual tendency. In his view, the highest level of abstraction could make scientific generalizations about politics possible.
As we all know, Political Science is concerned with different political activities of human beings contemplation, occasions, activities, and. It is, therefore, defined as the study of the activities of the state. In this unit, we shall discuss the meaning of Political Science and politics. Study of the state or government, which is a power structure making Security, and development and external defense. Stages of Evolution 1 philosophical: concerned with ends and purposes 2 institutional: concerned with political organization 3 behavioral: concerned with motivations and mechanism of human behavior 4 pluralistic: concerned with the interaction among groups and organizations 5 structural: concerned with the connection between the individual and the community 6 developmental: concerned with the process of growth, industrialization and change and the impact on government forms and policies.
Important figures in American politics of this period were Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. Thus, it establishes a circulatory relationship between inputs and outputs. There is all-round impact of this dynamic process — on support, stress, survival and persistence. So is the case with the first two concepts also. Financial assistance from organizations like Ford Foundation. The presence of an individual gives the meaning to all above mentioned attributes of the political system. It consists of a collection of approaches used in the classical and institutional periods.