Their origins are largely different so is their way of working. This made Mesopotamia unstable compared to Egypt. In both civilizations the Kings make up the highest status in the system, the secondary levels are made up of the nobles and priests, the next standard is made up of artisans, and lastly the peasants and slaves make up the two lowest positions. Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. Egyptians paid great respect to women at least in the upper classes, in part because marriage alliances were vital to the preservation and stability of the monarchy. Much Egyptian art was devoted to demonstrating the power and sanctity of the king. The invasions of Egypt by Palestine toward the end of the Old Kingdom period about 2200 B.
Sumerian and Akkadian were the commonest languages spoken in Mesopotamia, and Akkadian and ancient Egyptian were distantly related languages of the Afro-Asiatic family a family which includes Hebrew and Arabic. One could argue that the first civilizations had various similarities, but they also had many differences, that of which made them early civilizations. Historians often points out that inter war within the civilization led to its downfall. Ancient Egyptians, on the other hand, due to their easier time predicting the floods, had a more positive take on their gods. These monuments were triumphs of human coordination, for the Egyptians were not particularly advanced technologically. Mesopotamia By: Josh Davis and Jake Li -Cities had some sort of religious temple in them -Both places had cities with hierarchies -Mesopotamian cities had their own independent ruler, unlike Egypt. Another similarity between these two societies is that they are divided into social classes.
Unlike Sumer, Egypt moved fairly directly from precivilization to large government units, without passing through a city-state phase, though the first pharaoh, Narmer, had to conquer a number of petty local kings around 3100 B. Egyptians believed that their gods had created Egypt as a sort of refuge of good and order in a world filled with chaos and disorder. However, in Mesopotamia there were no natural barriers that protected their empire, causing the village to be defenseless Littell 2009. Socially, both civilizations were patriarchal, but Egypt was more lenient towards women while Mesopotamia was stricter. There were many great civilizations that sprang up and progressed through the ages. In contrast, the predictable, opportune floods of the Egyptian Nile led to a trust in supernatural powers.
Egypt and Mesopotamia also have various differences. Mesopotamia and Egypt Comparative Essay The first civilizations to exist developed along river valleys. Egypt did not have a law code. The first difference was the role of women in the civilizations. Upon his death, only a son of the Pharaoh could succeed him. The Egyptians did not take to the Sumerian cuneiform alphabet and developed a hieroglyphic alphabet instead. The rivers provided healthy hydration for each civilization.
In ancient Indian and Egyptian civilizations it was very strong shaping force in political structures, but both the religious beliefs and the resulting political system were different, just like pharaohs were different from rajas. Both Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were riverine civilizations; Egypt was watered by the Nile, and Mesopotamia was between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Both civilizations also have access to major trading seas, coming from their main Rivers. And special importance was given to the merchant class and commercial law. They believed that the gods created them, and they were also responsible for good harvests.
Egypt and Mesopotamia grew into complex civilizations. Trade contacts were more extensive, and the Mesopotamians gave attention to a merchant class and commercial law. By developing a standardized hour, time was no longer dependent on the sun and would remain standard year round. In the beginning he is a mighty king, ruler of the city of Thebes. Given the importance of royal rule and the belief that pharaohs were gods, it is not surprising that each of the main periods of Egyptian history was marked by some striking kings.
They were the first civilizations that have recorded evidence and were affected by the dictated outcomes of agricultural prosperity, religious formation, and government structures. As a result, everyone that could afford to spent their time alive preparing to be dead. In order for the pharaoh to control agriculture, the government could not afford to mess up or the empire would have no food. Egypt was considered a more stable civilization because it was centralized and it had one army fighting for all of Egypt. The way Egyptians and Indians blended religion with politics bears certain similarities. Egypt Comparative Essay The first civilizations to exist developed along river valleys. Thebes and the temple complex of Karnak were home to the worship of Amen- Ra.
Comparing and contrasting these two civilizations will go into more depth and expand ones knowledge, such as, the Mesopotamia and The Nile River Valley. Whereas in Mesopotamia, they had 100 miles of fertile soil, then mountains and deserts which made it easy to invade. The Pharaoh was believed to be a god on earth and had the most power… 664 Words 3 Pages Ancient China and ancient India are both important and interesting ancient civilizations. The differences are composed of role of women and unity of the civilization. While the yearly rise of the Nile in Egypt was predictable, this was not the case in Mesopotamia. The power of religious leaders was undermined by the increase of the kings power. The Nile River was used for trade, travel, irrigation, and fertile soil.