Causes of violence in children. The Impact of Gun Violence on American Children and Teenagers 2019-01-18

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Causes of Student Violence in Schools

causes of violence in children

There is evidence that longitudinal research following child victims may be needed to overcome possible problems with forgetting of childhood experiences L. If he or she has been abused, your child will benefit from the services of a qualified mental health professional. Witnessing violence or being abused at home has serious effects on children. Several studies have found that white women experience more abuse during pregnancy than African American or Hispanic women Berenson et al. The other certain risk factor for rape in addition to being female and having been abused previously is being young: epidemiological data indicate that women between 16 and 24 years old have the highest rates of sexual assault and rape Bastian, 1995.

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TV Violence and Children

causes of violence in children

Intimate Partner Violence A woman is more likely to be injured if she is victimized by an intimate than by a stranger Bachman and Saltzman, 1995. However, today's economy requires both parents to work. Witnessing violence against their mothers or other caregivers causes serious, lasting harm to children. Adults in such communities tend to be idle and may take up arms to fend for their families. Student violence may include slapping, beating, bullying, rape, and weapon use.

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The Impact of Gun Violence on American Children and Teenagers

causes of violence in children

Assessment began at 7 to 13 years and has continued in four waves to 12 to 18 years of age. Other experts believe genetic predisposition plays a part in the formation of an abuser, but very few studies offer definitive data to support this. The effect of Domestic violence is not just… 1883 Words 8 Pages Media Violence Cause and Effect Violence is just one of many things that humans are exposed to throughout their lives. Gun violence is now the second leading cause of death for American children. Yet, because both intimate partner violence and sexual assault usually take place in private, self-reports play a central role in their study. The impact of alcohol on behavior has also been linked to a person's expectations about alcohol's effects.

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The Causes and Effects of School Violence

causes of violence in children

Many of the theories about the causes of perpetrating violence against women are drawn from the literature on aggression and general violence. Nonetheless, research has consistently found that heavy drinking patterns are related to aggressive behavior, in general, and to intimate partner and sexual violence. When children under the age of 18 die by gun suicide, they are likely to have used a gun they found at home: over 80% of child gun suicides used a gun belonging to a parent or relative. Other studies have shown that children who have experienced parental violence have more deficits in social competence Jaffe et al. A number of studies have found a significant association between acceptance of rape myths and self-reported sexually aggressive behavior Field 1978; Koss et al. That is, until the media came about.


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Causes of Student Violence in Schools

causes of violence in children

Being a witness of domestic violence can be auditory, secondary, or visual. Recent studies also found no specific personality and attitudinal characteristics that make certain women more vulnerable to battering e. Nevertheless, the authors concluded that sexual assault in particular posed a very significant risk factor to the mental health of adolescents. Examining global patterns of violence as well as attitudes and social norms sheds light on an issue that has remained largely undocumented. Both laboratory research and studies of television lend support to this view. Neuropsychological deficits in memory, attention, and language, which sometimes follow limbic system damage, have been found to be common in children who exhibit violent or aggressive behavior e. Studies of male batterers have found that some batterers confine their violent behavior to their intimates but others are violent in general Fagan et al.

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What Causes Domestic Violence?

causes of violence in children

Rapists have been categorized by motivational factors sexual or aggressive , impulse control factors, and social competence. It is possible that these women suffered more severe trauma than women who do not seek help, and so represent the worst cases. The depression that breeds anger and hostility leading to violent tendencies in school bullies can, in turn, lead to victimized students becoming depressed and disinterested in school activities and academia altogether. Because incarcerated sexual offenders and batterers in treatment are probably not representative of all sex offenders or batterers, another avenue of research has focused on normal population samples, comparing those who self-report physically or sexually aggressive behavior and those who do not. Particular attention should be paid to factors associated with the initial development of violent behavior, its maintenance, escalation, or diminution over time, and the influence of socioeconomic, cultural, and ethnic factors.


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Children's Exposure to Violence

causes of violence in children

In the case of intimate partner violence, there is increasing evidence of the negative impact on children of exposure to violence in the family. Marriage laws traditionally assumed implied consent to sexual relations by wives and allowed husbands to use force to gain compliance Fagan and Browne, 1994. While some amount of violence is attributed to the normal levels of aggression typical of human beings, student violence like rape, shooting or any other act of aggression that hurts another individual in school gravely is a major school safety concern with all school authorities and the society at large. Attempts to resolve the debate about sex versus power have involved laboratory studies of men's sexual arousal to stimuli of depictions of pure violence, pure consensual sex, and nonconsensual sex plus violence. A meta-analysis of 188 studies found a strong positive association between exposure to television violence and antisocial and aggressive behavior Comstock and Paik, 1990; Paik and Comstock, 1994.

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Youth Violence Causes and Explanations

causes of violence in children

Studies show that one in four girls and one in eight boys are sexually abused before the age of 18, and that approximately one in 20 children are physically abused each year. Similar patterns of child maltreatment were reported by both sexes, although males were more likely to experience physical abuse and girls were more likely to experience emotional abuse. They may have low self-esteem and suffer from depression, which can lead, at worst, to risk behaviour and self-harm. It also has been argued that rape, in particular, represents fulfillment of sexual needs through violence Ellis, 1989 , but research has found that motives of power and anger are more prominent in the rationalizations for sexual aggression than sexual desires Lisak and Roth, 1990; Lisak, 1994. The lack of adequate data on the issue is likely compounding the problem by fuelling the misconception that violence remains a marginal phenomenon, affecting only certain categories of children and perpetrated solely by offenders with biological predispositions to violent behaviour. Although some of the direct effects of physical and sexual violence and psychological abuse on individual women have been fairly well documented, understanding indirect effects to victims, the consequences to women in general, and consequences to the society as a whole is only beginning.

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