That did not stop people from plowing up the grass and and trying to grow wheat in the dirt they created. When the drought killed off the crops, high winds blew the remaining topsoil away. Thus, to the farmer, it made sense to turn every inch of the Southern Plains into profit. It was characterized by strong dust storms which caused a great destruction in the farms hence affecting outcome and worsening the great depression. The dust bowl accrued mostly of high climates mixing with the broken down jet stream in Mexico created weather for a drought season.
After that, Congress appropriated the first funds earmarked for drought relief. With over a decade of soil misuse and a severe drought that started in 1930 the top soil virtually turned to dust and blew away with the wind. One hundred million acres of the Southern Plains were turning into a wasteland of the Dust Bowl. The grass that covered the plains stood six feet high and stretched all the way from Canada south to Texas. During World War I when grain prices were high , farmers plowed up thousands of ac … res of natural grassland to plant wheat. But tilling also allows carbon dioxide, an important soil nutrient, to escape from the topsoil. On top of this, a drought struck the Great Plains from 1934-1937.
The only thing that was found in abundance here was the native grass which used to hold the top layer of the soil together. Finally, farmers used agricultural practices that encouraged erosion. With the onset of , the demand for wheat had been astonishing. The dust storms that terrorized the High Plains in the darkest years of the Depression were like nothing ever seen before or since. All of the topsoil blew away and all that was left was dry, unhealthy dirt. The government paid the reluctant farmers a dollar an acre to practice one of the new methods.
The demand encouraged farmers to dramatically increase cultivation. Large sections of five states were affected — Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico. Turning the soil in straight lines was encouraged instead of contour farming. Men began to clear the land — using the endless prairie to grow wheat, and the trees to build houses, barns and outbuildings. And the kids came out of the houses, but they did non run or shout as they would hold done after a rain. At least, 200,000 individuals moved to California in 1930s.
During early European and American exploration of the Great Plains, the region in which the Dust Bowl occurred was thought unsuitable for European-style agriculture; indeed, the region was known as the Great American Desert. It was not until the government promoted soil conservation programs that the area began to become rehabilitated. The first lasted from 1930 to 1931, the second occurred in 1934, the third in 1936, and the last period of drought lasted from 1939 to 1940. The available irrigation methods were insufficient tomaintain crops, so the loose soil turned to dust and blew away inmany massive storms, creating desert-like dunes of dirt in someareas. When winds blew, soil was picked up and blew about. It is set during the Great Depression and goes into what we call the dust bowl. In 1932 the figure of dust storms increases dramatically to fourteen, following twelvemonth rose up to thirty two.
We are currently seeing similar problems in the Amazon Rainforest and the Growth of the Sahara Desert both due to plant reduction Lesson that should be learned Man can't govern himself, or doesn't seem to learn from previous mistakes. The Dust Bowl area, i. It seemed like a immense net income for the husbandmans to plough so much land, yet they ignored one minute, that the land those old ages lost its chief protection, the grass. A cold front carried the dirt as far east as the Atlantic Ocean. The rain crust broke and the dust lifted up out of the Fieldss and drove grey plumes into the air like sulky fume.
In 1937, the federal government began an aggressive campaign to encourage Dust Bowlers to adopt planting and plowing methods that conserve the soil. Farmers used the then new gasoline tractors as wheat sales boomed, over-plowing and over-grazing the land. They fled their homes not only due to the violence of the storms, but also because the conditions left them unable to work and survive, so they were forced to find work elsewhere. The Storms Created Enough Static Electricity to Knock Down Grown Men A single dust storm was able to generate enough static electricity to short-circuit radios and other electronic devices, damage car engines, and even cause barbed wire fences to be engulfed in strange-looking blue flames. Known as the Okies -- the nickname referred to any poor migrant from the American Southwest since only about 20 percent were from -- they left behind the parched lands and economic despair. Gazit One psychological affect experienced as a result of this great historic disaster must have been depression. Fields follow the terrain ofthe land when planting crops to reduce erosion.
It was caused by irregular fluctuations in ocean temperatures, dry climates and poor farming techniques. The native grasses which used to keep the dirt were plowed. In 1930, weather patterns shifted over the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The Great Plains were no longer grasslands so there were no roots to hold the soil in place. In the 30s a large drought occurred. The farmers adopted a new method of farming for the purpose of increasing agricultural produce which involved the use of ploughs to dig the soil.
Who caused this enormous calamity? Little by little the sky was darkened by the mixing dust, and carried away. Heavy windstorms declined, carrying the dust in thick black clouds. In 1800s railwaies were built throughout the United States. Farming practices were changed to preserve the soil. It also devastated the northern two-thirds of the Texas panhandle.