And in the exercise of our clemency towards our subjects of the said R. This action resulted in the flight of thousands of Huguenot families to the and to French colonies in , which drained France of a population vital to its growing manufacturing economy. It was not really about religious liberty or freedom but about the unity of the state and the strength of the monarchy. The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre The assassination of Admiral de Coligny by Frans Hogenberg. Catholic opponents of the edict were gradually won over and the eventual outcome of what had been virtually a prolonged civil war was the strengthening of the French monarchy, which was able to neutralise the two rival factions. All Protestant ministers were given two weeks to leave the country unless they converted to Catholicism and all other Protestants were prohibited from leaving the country.
In offering general to individuals, the edict offered many specific concessions to the Protestants, such as amnesty and the reinstatement of their , including the right to work in any field or for the State and to bring grievances directly to the king. The Edict succeeded in restoring peace and internal unity to France, though it pleased neither party: Catholics rejected the apparent recognition of Protestantism as a permanent element in French society and still hoped to enforce religious uniformity, while Protestants aspired to parity with Catholics. Given at Fontainebleau in the month of October, in the year of grace 1685, and of our reign the forty-third. By the peace of Montpellier in 1622, concluding a Huguenot revolt in Languedoc, the fortified Protestant towns were reduced to two, and. God having at last permitted that our people should enjoy perfect peace, we, no longer absorbed in protecting them from our enemies, are able to profit by this truce which we have ourselves facilitated , and devote our whole attention to the means of accomplishing the designs of our said grandfather and father, which we have consistently kept before us since our succession to the crown. The in Paris preserves only the text of a shorter document modified by concessions extracted from the King by the clergy and the , which delayed ten months, before finally signing and setting seals to the document in 1599.
We ordain that the Catholic Apostolic and Roman religion shall be restored and reëstablished in all places and localities of this our kingdom and countries subject to our sway, where the exercise of the same has been interrupted, in order that it may be peaceably and freely exercised, without any trouble or hindrance; forbidding very expressly all persons, of whatsoever estate, quality, or condition, from troubling, molesting, or disturbing ecclesiastics in the celebration of divine service, in the enjoyment or collection of tithes, fruits, or revenues of their benefices, and all other rights and dues belonging to them; and that all those who during the troubles have taken possession of churches, houses, goods or revenues, belonging to the said ecclesiastics, shall surrender to them entire possession and peaceable enjoyment of such rights, liberties, and sureties as they had before they were deprived of them. God has given us strength to stand out against this storm; we have finally surmounted the waves and made our port of safety, -- peace for our state. In fact, the Edict of Nantes called for the reintroduction of Catholicism in places where Huguenots had long forbidden it, most notably B éarn. We likewise forbid all noblemen, of what condition soever, to hold such religious exercises in their houses or fiefs, under penalty to be inflicted upon all our said subjects who shall engage in the said exercises, of imprisonment and confiscation. No French Protestants were allowed to leave the country; those who openly remained Protestants were promised the right of private worship and freedom from molestation, but the promise was not kept. This edict was enacted by two months later, less than two years before the end of the Ancien Régime and the would fully eliminate religious discrimination in France.
There had been one church throughout the middle ages, and the toleration of any other religion seemed unthinkable. Under his guidance, religious ideas flourished far and wide. The experiment of religious tolerance in Europe was effectively ended for the time being. A closer look at the edict shows how he hoped to achieve these contrasting goals. First, that the recollection of everything done by one party or the other between March, 1585, and our accession to the crown, and during all the preceding period of troubles, remain obliterated and forgotten, as if no such things had ever happened.
This threatened civil war, as it demonstrated the fearlessness of disobeying Henri. The Huguenot Struggle for Recognition. The authorities limited Protestant freedom of worship to specified geographic areas. Removed the president of the Paris parlament - Seguier - by promoting him to ambassador of Venice 2. The two supplementing the Edict granted the Protestants places of safety places de sÃ»retÃ© , which were military strongholds such as , in support of which the king paid 180,000 a year, along with a further 150 emergency forts places de refuge , to be maintained at the Huguenots' own expense.
The original Act which promulgated the Edict has disappeared. They were thus provisional in nature. The 1787 edict was a pivotal step in eliminating religious strife, and it officially ended religious persecution in France. Under the Edict of Nantes, the Protestants enjoyed religious freedom and prospered in France for a time. In later decades Louis gradually ended the privileges granted to the Huguenots and in 1685 revoked the Edict of Nantes. The Edict treated some Protestants with tolerance and opened a path for.
He was the first of the Bourbon kings of France and, though himself a notable Protestant leader, four years after succeeding to the throne he became a Roman Catholic because that was the religion of the great majority of his subjects and, in his famous remark, he considered Paris well worth a mass. These two brevets were withdrawn in 1629 by , following a final religious civil war. Supported by a series of maps that help show how complex the conflict was. The edict was greatly disliked by the Roman Catholic clergy and their friends, and a. This famous accord has been seen as an important step forward for the idea of religious toleration as well as a victory for the notion that politics takes precedence over religion.
In addition, crimes committed by either side were forgiven, and 50 fortified Huguenot towns were supposed to be secretly subsidized by the French government. This edict offered relief to the main alternative faiths of , and — giving followers the civil and legal recognition, as well as the right to openly form congregations after 102 years of prohibition. Finally, in 1685, he declared that the majority of Protestants had been converted to Catholicism and that the edict of 1598, having thus become superfluous, was revoked. Persecutions, wars, and massacres disrupted the country as Catholics tried to maintain their majority faith while the Huguenots as French Protestants were called attempted to worship freely and even to seize power. These included full liberty of conscience and private worship; liberty of public worship wherever it had previously been granted and its extension to numerous other localities and to estates of Protestant nobles; full including the right to hold public office; royal subsidies for Protestant schools; special courts, composed of Roman Catholic and Protestant judges, to judge cases involving Protestants; retention of the organization of the Protestant church in France; and Protestant control of some 200 cities then held by the Huguenots, including such strongholds as see , with the king contributing to the maintenance of their garrisons and fortifications. Henri was in a strong position:- 1598 Treaty of Vervain, Mercouer surrendering, Catholic league undermined 1595 Pope's absolution 1593 Henri's abjuration no alternative monarchs. We also forbid all our subjects, of whatever quality and condition, from carrying off by force or persuasion, against the will of their parents, the children of the said religion, in order to cause them to be baptized or confirmed in the Catholic Apostolic and Roman Church; and the same is forbidden to those of the said religion called Reformed, upon penalty of being punished with especial severity.
The Edict aimed primarily to end the long-running, disruptive. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to. After the death of , however, his successor King sought to consolidate royal control over the Protestant towns, including the strategic port of on the western coast. King cracked down on preaching against the edict 4. It reaffirmed, for example, the Catholic character of both the crown and the kingdom. The subsidies had been reduced by degrees, as Henry gained more secure control of the nation.